Dermaplaning 101
/ Epidermal Leveling

Debi Mezistrano-Boer

Welcome to Dermaplaning

A very popular procedure for exfoliating in medical Spas
Considered a medical procedure and only should be practiced by licensed professionals under medical supervision.
Enhances other laser and light based procedures, also enhances product penetration.
Helps with acne scars and pigmentation.

Course Outline for Dermaplaning Certification
Course Title: Dermaplaning Certification Course

Theoretical Foundations

Module 1: Introduction to Dermaplaning

  • Overview of Dermaplaning
  • History and Development
  • Benefits and Applications
  • Comparison with other Exfoliation Techniques (e.g., Microdermabrasion, Chemical Peels)

Module 2: Anatomy and Physiology of the Skin

  • Structure of the Skin: Epidermis, Dermis, Subcutaneous Layer
  • Skin Types and Conditions
  • Hair Growth Cycles and Vellus Hair

Module 3: Safety and Sanitation

  • Importance of Cleanliness in Dermaplaning
  • Sterilization Procedures for Tools and Equipment
  • Infection Control Protocols
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Guidelines

Module 4: Tools and Products

  • Dermaplaning Tools: Types of Blades and Handles
  • Product Selection: Pre-treatment and Post-treatment
  • Blade Disposal and Safety Handling

Module 5: Client Consultation and Assessment

  • Conducting Effective Client Consultations
  • Identifying Contraindications
  • Pre-treatment Guidelines
  • Setting Realistic Expectations and Aftercare Instructions

Practical Application and Techniques

Module 6: Dermaplaning Techniques and Procedures

  • Step-by-Step Dermaplaning Procedure
  • Proper Blade Angling and Movements
  • Techniques for Different Skin Types and Conditions
  • Managing Sensitive Areas (e.g., around the eyes, mouth)

Module 7: Hands-On Practice

  • Supervised Practice on Mannequins
  • Transitioning to Live Models
  • Individualized Feedback and Corrections
  • Addressing Common Mistakes and Challenges

Module 8: Advanced Techniques and Troubleshooting

  • Combining Dermaplaning with Other Treatments (e.g., Chemical Peels, Hydration Masks)
  • Addressing Adverse Reactions
  • Customizing Treatments for Specific Skin Concerns

Module 9: Business Practices and Professional Development

  • Building a Client Base
  • Marketing Your Dermaplaning Services
  • Legal and Ethical Considerations

This course outline provides a comprehensive overview of the key components required to effectively train and certify students in the art and science of dermaplaning.

Module 1: Introduction to Dermaplaning

Overview of Dermaplaning

Definition: Dermaplaning is a manual exfoliation technique that involves using a sterile surgical scalpel to gently scrape the skin’s surface, removing dead skin cells and fine vellus hair (commonly known as “peach fuzz”). This results in smoother, brighter skin and can enhance the effectiveness of skincare products and treatments.

Procedure: The practitioner holds the scalpel at a 45-degree angle and uses short, precise strokes to exfoliate the skin. The treatment typically takes about 30 minutes and requires no downtime.

History and Development

Origins: Dermaplaning has roots in the medical field, where it was originally developed as a pre-treatment to enhance the penetration and efficacy of chemical peels and other skin treatments. It has been used for decades by dermatologists and plastic surgeons.

Evolution: Over the years, dermaplaning has gained popularity in the aesthetic industry as a standalone treatment due to its immediate visible results and minimal side effects. The technique has evolved with advancements in blade technology and safety protocols.

Modern Use: Today, dermaplaning is widely available in spas, medical spas, and dermatologist offices. It is often combined with other treatments, such as facials, chemical peels, and microneedling, to enhance overall skin rejuvenation.

Benefits and Applications


  • Immediate Results: Clients often notice smoother, more radiant skin immediately after treatment.
  • Improved Skin Texture: Reduces the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and acne scars.
  • Enhanced Product Absorption: By removing the top layer of dead skin cells, dermaplaning allows skincare products to penetrate more deeply and work more effectively.
  • Non-invasive: The procedure is gentle and does not require any downtime, making it an attractive option for those looking for quick results without recovery time.
  • Safe for Most Skin Types: Suitable for almost all skin types and tones, especially those with rough, dry skin or superficial hyperpigmentation.


  • Stand-alone Treatment: Dermaplaning can be performed alone to achieve immediate exfoliation and radiance.
  • Pre-treatment Enhancement: Often used before other treatments such as chemical peels or laser treatments to prepare the skin and enhance results.
  • Makeup Application: Ideal before special events as it creates a smooth canvas for makeup application.

Comparison with Other Exfoliation Techniques

  • Microdermabrasion:
  • Method: Uses a mechanical device with a diamond-tipped wand or crystals to exfoliate the skin.
  • Comparison: While both dermaplaning and microdermabrasion remove dead skin cells, dermaplaning also removes vellus hair and is generally considered gentler and less abrasive.
  • Suitability: Microdermabrasion may be more suitable for clients with thicker, more resilient skin, whereas dermaplaning is preferred for those with sensitive skin.
  • Chemical Peels:
  • Method: Involves applying a chemical solution to the skin to induce controlled exfoliation.
  • Comparison: Chemical peels can address deeper skin issues and provide more dramatic results, but they often require downtime and come with a higher risk of irritation and side effects.
  • Suitability: Dermaplaning is a good alternative for clients who cannot tolerate chemical peels or are looking for a no-downtime option.
  • Other Methods:
  • Enzyme Exfoliation: Uses natural enzymes to dissolve dead skin cells. It is very gentle and suitable for sensitive skin but may not be as effective as dermaplaning for immediate smoothing and hair removal.
  • Physical Scrubs: Contain abrasive particles to manually exfoliate the skin. These can be harsh and cause microtears in the skin, making dermaplaning a safer and more effective option.

By understanding the basics, history, benefits, and comparisons of dermaplaning, practitioners can better educate their clients and tailor treatments to individual needs and preferences. This foundation sets the stage for the more technical and practical aspects of the course.

Module 2: Anatomy and Physiology of the Skin

Structure of the Skin


  • Overview: The outermost layer of the skin, providing a protective barrier.
  • Layers:
    • Stratum Corneum: The outermost layer composed of dead keratinized cells. It acts as the primary barrier to environmental damage.
    • Stratum Lucidum: Found only in thick skin (e.g., palms and soles), this translucent layer provides an additional barrier.
    • Stratum Granulosum: Contains granular cells that are beginning to die and harden, forming the next barrier layer.
    • Stratum Spinosum: Known for its spiny appearance due to cell connections called desmosomes, it provides strength and flexibility.
    • Stratum Basale: The deepest layer, where keratinocyte cells divide and new cells are produced. Melanocytes, responsible for pigment production, are also found here.
    • Function: Protection against pathogens, UV radiation, and water loss.


  • Overview: The middle layer, providing structural support and elasticity.
  • Components:
  • Collagen and Elastin: Fibrous proteins that give skin its strength and elasticity.
  • Blood Vessels: Supply nutrients and oxygen to the skin while removing waste products.
  • Lymph Vessels: Assist in removing toxins and waste products from the skin.
  • Hair Follicles: Anchors each hair into the skin and regulates hair growth.
  • Sweat Glands: Regulate body temperature through sweat secretion.
  • Sebaceous Glands: Produce sebum, an oily substance that helps to keep the skin moisturized and protected.
  • Function: Provides nutrients to the epidermis, supports skin elasticity, and houses various structures essential for skin health.

Subcutaneous Layer (Hypodermis)

  • Overview: The innermost layer of the skin, composed mainly of fat and connective tissue.
  • Components:
  • Adipose Tissue: Stores fat, providing insulation and energy reserves.
  • Connective Tissue: Binds the skin to underlying structures such as muscles and bones.
  • Function: Acts as a cushion to protect underlying organs, insulates the body to maintain temperature, and stores energy.

Skin Types and Conditions

Skin Types

  • Normal: Balanced skin with neither excessive oiliness nor dryness. Generally smooth and clear.
  • Oily: Characterized by excess sebum production, leading to a shiny appearance and potential for acne breakouts.
  • Dry: Lacks sufficient moisture and sebum, resulting in flakiness, rough texture, and a tight feeling.
  • Combination: Exhibits characteristics of both oily and dry skin, typically with an oily T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) and dry cheeks.
  • Sensitive: Easily irritated, prone to redness, itching, and reactions to skincare products and environmental factors.


  • Rosacea: A chronic condition causing redness, visible blood vessels, and sometimes pimples on the face.
  • Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis): An inflammatory condition causing itchy, red, and dry patches of skin.
  • Acne: A common skin condition characterized by pimples, blackheads, and cysts, usually due to clogged pores and inflammation.
  • Hyperpigmentation: Darker patches of skin caused by excess melanin production, often resulting from sun exposure, inflammation, or hormonal changes.

 Hair Growth Cycles and Vellus Hair

Hair Growth Cycles

  • Anagen (Growth Phase):
  • Duration: Lasts several years (2-7 years).
  • Activity: Hair follicles are actively producing hair. About 85-90% of hair on the scalp is in this phase at any given time.
  • Catagen (Transitional Phase):
  • Duration: Short phase lasting about 2-3 weeks.
  • Activity: Hair growth stops, and the hair follicle shrinks.
  • Telogen (Resting Phase):
  • Duration: Lasts about 3 months.
  • Activity: Hair rests and eventually sheds, making way for new hair growth.

Vellus Hair

  • Characteristics: Fine, soft, and lightly pigmented hair that covers most of the body. Unlike terminal hair, vellus hair is thinner and less noticeable.
  • Role in Dermaplaning: Removal of vellus hair during dermaplaning results in smoother skin texture and can enhance the appearance of makeup application. Vellus hair does not grow back thicker or darker after removal.

By understanding the detailed structure of the skin, practitioners can better assess and address individual client needs, identify potential contraindications, and tailor dermaplaning treatments for optimal results. This knowledge is foundational for performing dermaplaning safely and effectively, ensuring client satisfaction and maintaining skin health.

 Module 3: Safety and Sanitation

Importance of Cleanliness in Dermaplaning

Hygiene and Client Safety

  • Infection Prevention: Maintaining a high standard of cleanliness is essential to prevent infections that could harm clients. This involves not only cleaning the skin and tools but also ensuring the entire treatment environment is sanitary.
  • Professionalism: A clean workspace reflects professionalism and helps build client trust. Clients are more likely to return and recommend your services if they feel confident in the cleanliness and safety of your practice.

Professional Standards

  • Industry Guidelines: Adhering to the hygiene and sanitation guidelines set by industry regulatory bodies (such as OSHA and local health departments) is crucial. These guidelines ensure the safety of both clients and practitioners.
  • Continuous Education: Staying updated with the latest hygiene practices and regulations through continuous education and training ensures compliance and enhances the quality of care provided.

 Sterilization Procedures for Tools and Equipment

Methods of Sterilization

  • Autoclaving:
    • Process: Uses high-pressure steam to sterilize instruments. The standard cycle is 121°C (250°F) at 15 psi for 15-20 minutes.
    • Tools: Ideal for metal tools and implements that can withstand high temperatures.
  • UV Sterilization:
    • Process: Uses ultraviolet light to kill microorganisms. It’s a supplemental method often used for tools that are not suitable for autoclaving.
    • Tools: Suitable for plastic or other heat-sensitive materials.
  • Chemical Disinfectants:
    • Process: Soaking tools in chemical solutions such as glutaraldehyde or hydrogen peroxide.
    • Tools: Useful for items that cannot be autoclaved or exposed to UV light.

Frequency of Sterilization

  • Pre and Post-Use: Tools should be sterilized before and after each use to ensure they are free from pathogens.
  • Regular Checks: Regularly inspect and maintain sterilization equipment to ensure it is functioning correctly and effectively.

 Infection Control Protocols

Pathogen Prevention

  • Hand Hygiene: Practitioners should wash their hands thoroughly with soap and water before and after each client interaction. Hand sanitizers can be used as an additional measure.
  • Surface Disinfection: All surfaces in the treatment area, including treatment tables, chairs, and countertops, should be disinfected between clients.

Cross-Contamination Prevention

  • Single-Use Items: Use single-use, disposable items where possible (e.g., blades, gloves) to minimize the risk of cross-contamination.
  • Tool Storage: Store sterilized tools in a clean, dry environment to prevent contamination before use.

 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Guidelines


  • Gloves:
    • Type: Use medical-grade, non-latex gloves to avoid allergic reactions.
    • Protocol: Change gloves between each client and dispose of them properly after use.
  • Masks:
    • Type: Use surgical masks to protect against airborne pathogens.
    • Protocol: Change masks regularly and dispose of them after each session or when contaminated.
  • Gowns:
    • Type: Use disposable or washable gowns to protect clothing and skin.
    • Protocol: Change gowns between clients or when contaminated.
  • Eye Protection:
    • Type: Use goggles or face shields to protect against splashes or debris.
    • Protocol: Clean and disinfect reusable eye protection after each use.

Proper Disposal

  • Sharps Containers:
    • Usage: Dispose of used blades and other sharp objects in a designated sharps container to prevent injury and contamination.
    • : Follow local regulations for the disposal of sharps containers.
  • Waste Management:
    • Segregation: Separate biohazard waste from regular waste. Use clearly marked bins for biohazard materials.
    • Handling: Ensure all waste is handled with care and disposed of according to local health and safety regulations.

Best Practices for Safety and Sanitation

  • Regular Training: Conduct regular training sessions on safety and sanitation protocols to keep all staff informed and compliant with the latest practices.
  • Compliance Audits: Periodically audit your practice for compliance with safety and sanitation standards. Address any shortcomings immediately.
  • Client Communication: Inform clients about the safety measures in place to protect their health and encourage them to ask questions if they have concerns.

By adhering to stringent safety and sanitation protocols, practitioners can ensure a safe, clean, and professional environment that protects both clients and practitioners, enhances the efficacy of dermaplaning treatments, and builds client trust and satisfaction.

Module 4: Tools and Products

Dermaplaning Tools


  • Types:
    • 10 Blade: A popular choice for dermaplaning, known for its rounded tip and large, flat edge. Suitable for large areas of the face and for beginners.
    • 14 Blade: Smaller and more precise, ideal for contouring around the nose, eyes, and other delicate areas.
    • Other Variations: Different blade sizes and shapes are available for specific needs and preferences. Practitioners should be familiar with a variety of blades to customize treatments.
  • Uses:
    • Large Areas: Larger blades like the 10 are used for broad, flat surfaces such as the cheeks and forehead.
    • Detail Work: Smaller blades like the 14 are used for precision work around the nose, eyes, and mouth.
  • Material: High-quality surgical steel is the standard to ensure durability and precision.


  • Types:
    • Standard Handles: Basic, reusable handles that fit a variety of blade sizes. Typically made of metal or plastic.
    • Ergonomic Handles: Designed to reduce hand fatigue and provide better control. Often feature textured grips and an angled design.
  • Ergonomics: A comfortable handle is crucial for precision and control, especially during long treatment sessions. Practitioners should select handles that fit comfortably in their hand and provide a secure grip.

 Product Selection

Pre-treatment Products

  • Cleansers:
    • Purpose: Remove makeup, oil, dirt, and impurities from the skin to ensure a clean canvas for dermaplaning.
    • Types: Gentle, non-abrasive cleansers are preferred to avoid irritation. Options include micellar water, foaming cleansers, and oil-based cleansers for a thorough but gentle clean.
  • Degreasers:
    • Purpose: Remove any remaining oils on the skin to enhance blade efficacy and prevent clogging.
    • Types: Alcohol-based solutions or specialized degreasing agents designed for professional use.

Post-treatment Products

  • Soothing Products:
    • Aloe Vera Gel: Known for its soothing and anti-inflammatory properties.
    • Chamomile Extract: Calms and reduces redness.
    • Other Botanicals: Such as calendula or green tea, which provide additional soothing benefits.
  • Hydrating Products:
    • Hyaluronic Acid Serums: Attract moisture to the skin and help maintain hydration.
    • Ceramide Creams: Restore the skin barrier and prevent moisture loss.
    • Moisturizers: Rich creams or gels to lock in moisture and support skin repair.

 Blade Disposal and Safety Handling

Sharp Disposal

  • Sharps Containers:
    • Usage: All used blades should be disposed of immediately in a designated sharps container to prevent injury and contamination.
    • Compliance: Containers must comply with local health and safety regulations, be puncture-resistant, and clearly labeled as biohazard waste.
  • Replacement Protocols:
    • Regular Checks: Ensure sharps containers are replaced before they become full to avoid overflow and potential hazards.
    • Secure Disposal: Follow local regulations for the secure disposal of full sharps containers, typically involving medical waste disposal services.


  • Changing Blades:
    • Techniques: Use appropriate tools or techniques to safely change blades without direct contact. Many handles have built-in mechanisms for easy blade replacement.
    • Safety Measures: Always change blades on a flat, stable surface, and avoid rushing the process to prevent accidents.
  • Storage:
    • Storage: Store unused blades in their original, sterile packaging until ready for use to maintain sterility.
    • Accessibility: Keep blades and handles easily accessible but securely stored to avoid accidental injuries.

 Best Practices for Tool and Product Usage

  • Tool Maintenance: Regularly inspect and maintain all tools to ensure they are in optimal working condition. Replace any tools that show signs of wear or damage.
  • Product Knowledge: Stay informed about the latest products and innovations in the market. Understanding the ingredients and benefits of various skincare products can help tailor treatments to individual client needs.
  • Client Education: Educate clients on the products used during their treatment and recommend appropriate aftercare products to maintain results.

By mastering the selection and use of dermaplaning tools and products, practitioners can deliver safe, effective treatments that enhance client satisfaction and achieve the best possible outcomes.

Module 5: Client Consultation and Assessment

Conducting Effective Client Consultations

Initial Assessment

  • Medical History:
  • Allergies: Check for any known allergies, especially to skincare products or ingredients.
  • Medications: Record current medications, as some can affect skin sensitivity or healing (e.g., retinoids, blood thinners).
  • Skin Conditions: Document any existing skin conditions such as acne, eczema, psoriasis, or rosacea.
  • Medical Conditions: Note any medical conditions that might impact the procedure, like diabetes, which can affect healing.

Skincare Goals

  • Client Expectations: Discuss what the client hopes to achieve with dermaplaning, such as smoother skin, reduced fine lines, or better makeup application.
  • Realistic Outcomes: Provide a clear understanding of what dermaplaning can and cannot achieve to set realistic expectations.

Consent Forms

  • Informed Consent: Ensure the client understands the procedure, potential risks, benefits, and aftercare requirements.
  • Legal Documentation: Have the client sign consent forms as a legal precaution and to confirm their understanding and agreement.

 Identifying Contraindications

Conditions to Note

  • Active Acne: Dermaplaning can aggravate active acne and spread bacteria.
  • Open Wounds: Any cuts, abrasions, or open wounds should be fully healed before dermaplaning.
  • Severe Rosacea or Eczema: These conditions can be exacerbated by the procedure.
  • Recent Cosmetic Procedures: Clients who have had recent chemical peels, laser treatments, or other cosmetic procedures should wait until their skin has fully recovered.


  • Patch Test: For clients with sensitive skin or allergies, a patch test may be necessary to ensure no adverse reactions to the products used.
  • Customized Approach: Adjust the treatment based on individual needs and skin conditions, avoiding areas that are highly sensitive or reactive.

 Pre-treatment Guidelines

Client Preparation

  • Sun Exposure: Advise clients to avoid excessive sun exposure and tanning beds for at least a week before the treatment.
  • Skincare Products: Instruct clients to avoid using retinoids, exfoliants, and other potent skincare products for a few days prior to the treatment.
  • Hydration: Encourage clients to stay hydrated, as well-hydrated skin responds better to the treatment.

 Setting Realistic Expectations and Aftercare Instructions


  • Immediate Results: Explain that clients will likely notice immediate improvements in skin texture and radiance.
  • Multiple Sessions: For more significant issues like deep wrinkles or extensive hyperpigmentation, multiple sessions may be needed.
  • Temporary Redness: Inform clients that slight redness or sensitivity might occur but should subside within a few hours to a day.

Aftercare Instructions

  • Avoid Sun Exposure: Recommend clients use broad-spectrum sunscreen and avoid direct sun exposure for at least a week.
  • Gentle Skincare: Advise using gentle, hydrating skincare products post-treatment and avoiding active ingredients like acids or retinoids for a few days.
  • Moisturization: Emphasize the importance of keeping the skin moisturized to aid the healing process.
  • No Exfoliation: Instruct clients not to use any additional exfoliating products or tools for at least a week post-treatment.


  • Check-ins: Schedule a follow-up appointment or check-in to assess the client’s skin and discuss further treatment options.
  • Feedback: Encourage clients to provide feedback on their experience and results, which can help refine your practice and improve client satisfaction.

 Best Practices for Client Consultation and Assessment

  • Active Listening: Pay close attention to the client’s concerns and goals. Ensure they feel heard and understood.
  • Clear Communication: Use simple, clear language to explain the procedure, benefits, and risks. Avoid jargon that might confuse clients.
  • Documentation: Keep detailed records of each consultation, including medical history, skin assessment, client goals, and consent forms.
  • Continuous Improvement: Seek feedback from clients and continuously improve your consultation process based on their experiences and suggestions.

By conducting thorough consultations and assessments, practitioners can ensure that dermaplaning treatments are safe, effective, and tailored to meet individual client needs, leading to higher satisfaction and better outcomes.

 Module 6: Dermaplaning Techniques and Procedures

 Step-by-Step Dermaplaning Procedure

  1. Client Preparation
  • Skin Cleansing:
    • Initial Cleanse: Begin with a thorough cleanse to remove makeup, oils, and impurities. Use a gentle cleanser suitable for the client’s skin type.
    • Second Cleanse: Follow up with a second cleanse using a degreasing agent to ensure all residual oils are removed. This is crucial for blade efficacy.
  • Skin Analysis:
    • Visual Inspection: Assess the skin under a magnifying lamp to identify areas of concern, skin type, and any contraindications.
    • Client Comfort: Ensure the client is comfortably positioned on a treatment bed with adequate support for the neck and head.
  1. Technique and Blade Handling
  • Blade Selection:
    • Choosing the Right Blade: Select the appropriate blade size and type for the treatment area. For instance, use a 10 blade for larger areas and a 14 blade for precision work.
  • Proper Angling:
    • Blade Angle: Hold the blade at a 45-degree angle to the skin to ensure effective removal of the stratum corneum and vellus hair without causing injury.
    • Grip and Control: Maintain a steady grip on the blade handle, using your other hand to gently stretch the skin for smoother and safer strokes.
  • Stroking Method:
    • Short Strokes: Use short, controlled strokes to ensure precision and avoid dragging or pulling the skin.
    • Direction: Move the blade in a downward motion, following the natural direction of hair growth to minimize irritation.
  1. Treatment Zones
  • Forehead:
    • Technique: Start at the center of the forehead and move outward. Use even pressure to remove dead skin cells and vellus hair.
    • Caution: Be mindful of the hairline and avoid over-exfoliation near the temples.
  • Cheeks:
    • Technique: Work from the cheekbones down to the jawline in small sections. The cheeks typically have more vellus hair, so ensure thorough coverage.
    • Caution: Avoid sensitive areas near the eyes and nose.
  • Nose and Chin:
    • : Use a smaller blade if necessary for precision. Gently work around the contours of the nose and chin.
    • Caution: Be careful around the nostrils and lips, where the skin is thinner and more sensitive.
  • Neck:
    • Technique: If the client desires, the neck can also be treated. Use downward strokes and be gentle, as the skin on the neck can be more delicate.
    • Caution: Avoid the throat area and any visible veins or tendons.

 Handling Complications and Troubleshooting

Common Issues

  • Redness and Irritation:
    • Immediate Action: Apply a cool compress and soothing products like aloe vera gel or chamomile extract.
    • Prevention: Ensure the blade angle is correct and avoid overworking any single area.
  • Nicks and Cuts:
    • Immediate Action: Apply slight pressure to stop bleeding and use an antiseptic to clean the area.
    • Prevention: Maintain control of the blade at all times and ensure the skin is adequately stretched.
  • Client Discomfort:
    • Immediate Action: Stop the procedure if the client reports significant discomfort and reassess the technique and products used.
    • Prevention: Regularly check in with the client during the procedure to ensure they are comfortable.

 Post-Treatment Protocol

Soothing and Hydrating

  • Cooling Products:
    • Aloe Vera Gel: Apply a thin layer to calm and cool the skin.
    • Chamomile or Calendula: Use extracts or serums containing these ingredients for their anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Hydration:
    • Hyaluronic Acid Serum: Apply to lock in moisture and support the skin’s natural barrier.
    • Rich Moisturizer: Follow with a nourishing moisturizer to keep the skin hydrated and prevent dryness.

Sun Protection

  • SPF Application:
    • Broad-Spectrum Sunscreen: Apply a broad-spectrum SPF 30 or higher to protect the skin from UV damage post-treatment.
    • Client Advice: Instruct clients to avoid direct sun exposure and to reapply sunscreen throughout the day.

Aftercare Instructions

  • Skincare Routine:
    • Gentle Products: Recommend using mild, hydrating products for the next few days. Avoid active ingredients like retinoids, AHAs, or BHAs.
    • Avoid Exfoliation: Advise against using any additional exfoliating products or devices for at least a week.
  • Activity Restrictions:
    • Avoid Heat and Sweat: Suggest avoiding hot showers, saunas, and intense exercise for 24-48 hours to prevent irritation.
    • No Makeup: Encourage clients to avoid applying makeup for at least 24 hours to allow the skin to recover.

 Advanced Techniques

Combining Treatments

  • Chemical Peels:
    • Sequential Use: Explain how dermaplaning can be combined with chemical peels for enhanced exfoliation and deeper penetration of active ingredients.
    • Order of Application: Typically, dermaplaning is performed first, followed by the application of a chemical peel.
  • LED Light Therapy:
    • Benefits: Discuss the benefits of using LED light therapy post-dermaplaning to reduce inflammation and promote healing.
    • Application: Incorporate LED therapy as a final step in the treatment to enhance results.

Tailoring to Skin Types

  • Sensitive Skin:
    • Techniques: Use gentler pressure and shorter sessions. Choose soothing, hypoallergenic products.
    • Aftercare: Emphasize calming and hydrating post-treatment care.
  • Aging Skin:
    • Techniques: Focus on areas with fine lines and wrinkles to improve skin texture.
    • Products: Incorporate anti-aging serums with peptides and antioxidants post-treatment.

By mastering these techniques and protocols, practitioners can ensure safe, effective, and customized dermaplaning treatments that meet the unique needs of each client, resulting in optimal skin health and client satisfaction.

Module 7: Hands-On Practice

Practical Application and Technique Refinement

  1. Live Demonstrations

Instructor-led Demonstration

  • Preparation: The instructor will prepare the model’s skin by cleansing and degreasing, demonstrating the importance of a clean and oil-free surface for effective dermaplaning.
  • Technique:
    • Blade Handling: The instructor will show how to hold the blade at a 45-degree angle and demonstrate the correct grip and hand positioning for stability and control.
    • Strokes: Demonstration of short, controlled strokes in the direction of hair growth, covering different facial areas (forehead, cheeks, nose, chin, and neck).
    • Pressure: Highlight the appropriate amount of pressure to use, emphasizing the need to be firm yet gentle to avoid skin damage.
  • Real-time Explanation: Throughout the demonstration, the instructor will explain each step, providing insights and tips for achieving the best results.

Video Demonstration

  • Additional Techniques: Show a video that includes a variety of dermaplaning techniques and approaches, offering a broader perspective.
  • Review: Discuss key points from the video and answer any questions to reinforce learning.
  1. Guided Practice Sessions

Paired Practice

  • Roles: Participants will pair up, taking turns to practice dermaplaning on each other under close supervision.
  • Feedback:
    • Instructor Feedback: The instructor will provide real-time feedback, correcting techniques, and ensuring safety protocols are followed.
    • Peer Feedback: Encourage participants to give constructive feedback to their partners to foster collaborative learning.
  • Rotation: Rotate pairs to allow participants to work with different skin types and conditions, broadening their experience.

Instructor Supervision

  • Direct Oversight: The instructor will monitor each participant’s technique, offering guidance and making adjustments as needed.
  • Focus Areas:
    • Blade Control: Ensuring participants are maintaining proper blade angle and pressure.
    • Skin Stretching: Checking that the skin is adequately stretched to prevent nicks and cuts.
    • Consistency: Emphasizing the importance of even, consistent strokes across different facial areas.
  1. Individual Skill Assessment

Case Studies

  • Application: Use case studies with diverse skin types and conditions. Participants will assess the skin, develop a treatment plan, and perform the procedure.
  • Discussion: After completing each case study, discuss the approach, challenges encountered, and outcomes achieved. This helps reinforce learning and provides practical insights.

Instructor Evaluation

  • Performance Review:
    • Technique: Evaluate each participant’s technique, including blade handling, stroke consistency, and pressure control.
    • Interaction: Assess communication skills, ensuring participants explain the procedure clearly and address client concerns effectively.
    • Practices: Ensure adherence to safety and sanitation protocols throughout the procedure.
  • Feedback:
    • Strengths: Highlight each participant’s strengths and successful aspects of their practice.
  • Areas for Improvement: Provide constructive feedback on areas needing refinement, with specific suggestions for improvement.
  1. Real-World Scenarios

Simulated Client Interactions

  • Role-Playing:
    • Scenarios: Create realistic scenarios, such as clients with specific skin concerns or contraindications.
    • Role Players: Use classmates or models to act as clients, presenting various skin conditions and concerns.
  • Consultation Practice:
    • Assessment: Conduct a thorough client consultation, taking medical history, discussing skincare goals, and identifying contraindications.
    • Treatment Plan: Develop a personalized treatment plan based on the assessment and client’s needs.
  • Execution:
    • Procedure: Perform the dermaplaning procedure while managing client expectations and comfort.
    • Aftercare Advice: Provide detailed aftercare instructions tailored to the client’s skin type and condition.

Emergency Handling

  • Simulated Complications:
    • Issues: Introduce potential complications, such as skin irritation or minor cuts, during practice sessions.
    • Response: Guide participants on immediate actions and appropriate aftercare measures to handle these complications effectively.
  • First Aid Skills:
    • Training: Provide basic first aid training relevant to dermaplaning, such as treating minor nicks and managing allergic reactions.
  1. Refinement and Mastery

Repetition and Practice

  • Skill Building: Encourage participants to practice repeatedly to build confidence and proficiency. The more practice, the better the mastery.
  • Variety: Practice on models with different skin types, tones, and conditions to gain a well-rounded experience.

Advanced Techniques

  • Combination Treatments: Introduce advanced techniques, such as combining dermaplaning with other treatments like chemical peels or LED therapy.
  • Customization: Teach participants how to tailor the dermaplaning procedure for specific skin issues, such as acne scars or hyperpigmentation.

 Final Competency Assessment


  • Completion Requirements: Successful completion of hands-on practice sessions and passing the final competency assessment.
  • Certification: Award a certificate of completion, indicating proficiency in dermaplaning techniques and procedures.

By providing extensive hands-on practice and thorough evaluation, participants will gain the confidence and skills necessary to perform dermaplaning safely and effectively, ensuring high standards of client care and satisfaction.

Module 8: Advanced Techniques and Troubleshooting

  1. Combining Dermaplaning with Other Treatments

Advanced Exfoliation Techniques

  • Chemical Peels:
    • Sequential Application: Teach how to integrate dermaplaning with chemical peels for enhanced exfoliation. Dermaplaning is performed first to remove the outer layer of dead skin cells, allowing the peel to penetrate more deeply.
    • Peel Types: Discuss the types of chemical peels (e.g., glycolic, salicylic, lactic acid) that pair well with dermaplaning.
    • Safety Considerations: Emphasize the importance of choosing the right peel concentration and timing to avoid over-exfoliation and irritation.
  • Microdermabrasion:
    • Combination Protocol: Explain how to combine dermaplaning with microdermabrasion for clients needing intensive resurfacing. Usually, microdermabrasion follows dermaplaning to further refine skin texture.
    • Benefits: Highlight the benefits, such as improved skin tone, texture, and enhanced absorption of skincare products.
    • Contraindications: Discuss when to avoid combining these treatments, such as in clients with extremely sensitive skin or active acne.

Enhanced Product Penetration

  • Serums and Masks:
    • Post-Dermaplaning: Show how to apply high-quality serums and masks immediately after dermaplaning. The removal of the stratum corneum allows for better absorption of active ingredients.
    • Choosing Products: Guide on selecting serums with hyaluronic acid, peptides, and antioxidants for hydration and anti-aging benefits.
    • Application Techniques: Demonstrate techniques for even application and ensuring maximum absorption.

Light Therapy

  • LED Therapy:
    • Integration: Explain how to use LED light therapy post-dermaplaning to reduce inflammation and promote healing. Blue light can help with acne-prone skin, while red light is beneficial for anti-aging.
    • Procedure: Teach the correct usage of LED devices, including duration and distance from the skin.
    • Client Suitability: Discuss which clients will benefit most from LED therapy and any contraindications.
  1. Customizing Treatments for Different Skin Types and Conditions

Sensitive Skin

  • Technique Adjustment:
    • Gentler Approach: Use lighter pressure and smaller blades for more control.
    • Shorter Sessions: Limit the duration of the treatment to reduce irritation.
  • Product Selection:
    • Calming Products: Use soothing and hypoallergenic products, avoiding those with fragrances or alcohol.
    • Aftercare: Recommend products like aloe vera and chamomile to calm the skin post-treatment.

Aging Skin

  • Focus Areas:
    • Fine Lines and Wrinkles: Concentrate on areas with visible signs of aging to improve skin texture.
    • Collagen Stimulation: Incorporate techniques and products that support collagen production.
  • Products:
    • Anti-Aging Serums: Use serums with peptides, retinol, and antioxidants to enhance anti-aging benefits.
    • Hydration: Emphasize the importance of hydration to plump the skin and reduce the appearance of fine lines.

Acne-Prone Skin

  • Techniques:
    • Avoid Active Breakouts: Only treat non-inflamed areas to prevent spreading bacteria.
    • Sterile Equipment: Ensure all tools are sterilized to minimize infection risk.
  • Products:
    • Anti-Bacterial: Use products containing salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide post-treatment to prevent breakouts.
    • Oil-Free: Recommend non-comedogenic, oil-free moisturizers and sunscreens.
  1. Troubleshooting Common Issues

Redness and Irritation

  • Immediate Response:
    • Soothing Products: Apply calming serums or gels containing aloe vera, chamomile, or calendula.
    • Cold Compresses: Use cold compresses to reduce inflammation and soothe the skin.
  • Prevention:
    • Proper Technique: Ensure the correct blade angle and pressure are used during the procedure.
    • Skin Assessment: Thoroughly assess the client’s skin before treatment to identify any sensitivity.

Nicks and Cuts

  • Immediate Response:
    • Stop the Procedure: If a cut occurs, stop immediately and apply pressure to control bleeding.
    • Clean and Protect: Clean the area with an antiseptic and apply a small adhesive bandage if necessary.
  • Prevention:
    • Steady Hand: Maintain a steady hand and proper blade angle.
    • Skin Stretching: Ensure the skin is adequately stretched to avoid snagging.
    • Sharp Blades: Always use new, sharp blades to prevent dragging.


  • Response:
    • Lightening Agents: Apply products with ingredients like vitamin C, niacinamide, or licorice extract to help lighten dark spots.
    • Sun Protection: Emphasize the importance of sunscreen to prevent further pigmentation.
  • Prevention:
    • Patch Test: Conduct a patch test before the full procedure to check for any adverse reactions.
    • Avoid Over-Exfoliation: Do not over-exfoliate, especially on darker skin tones prone to hyperpigmentation.

Client Discomfort

  • Immediate Response:
    • Reassure the Client: Stop the procedure if the client reports significant discomfort and reassess the situation.
    • Adjust Technique: Modify the technique or products used to ensure comfort.
  • Prevention:
    • Communication: Maintain open communication with the client throughout the procedure to monitor their comfort level.
    • Proper Preparation: Ensure the skin is adequately prepped and the client is fully informed about what to expect.
  1. Addressing Client Concerns and Providing Aftercare

Client Education

  • Procedure Explanation: Clearly explain each step of the dermaplaning process, what the client can expect to feel, and the benefits they will see.
  • Aftercare Instructions:
    • Immediate Care: Provide detailed instructions on how to care for their skin immediately after the procedure, emphasizing the importance of gentle products and sun protection.
    • Long-Term Care: Recommend a long-term skincare routine to maintain results, including regular moisturization and avoiding harsh exfoliants.


  • Scheduling: Schedule follow-up appointments to monitor the client’s progress and address any issues that arise.
  • Feedback: Encourage clients to provide feedback on their experience and results, which can help refine techniques and improve client satisfaction.

By mastering advanced techniques and troubleshooting common issues, practitioners can deliver high-quality, customized dermaplaning treatments that address the unique needs of each client, leading to improved outcomes and client satisfaction.

 Module 9: Business Practices and Professional Development

  1. Setting Up Your Dermaplaning Practice

Business Planning

  • Creating a Business Plan:
    • Vision and Mission: Define your business’s vision and mission statements to guide your practice.
    • Market Analysis: Conduct research on your target market, competition, and potential client demographics.
    • Services Offered: Outline the services you will offer, including dermaplaning and any complementary treatments.
    • Financial Planning: Develop a budget, including startup costs, projected income, and expenses. Plan for contingencies.
  • Legal Requirements:
    • Licensing and Certification: Ensure you meet all local and state licensing and certification requirements for operating a skincare business.
    • Insurance: Obtain liability insurance to protect your business from potential legal claims.
    • Permits and Regulations: Comply with health and safety regulations, including proper waste disposal and sanitation practices.

Setting Up Your Workspace

  • Choosing a Location:
    • Visibility and Accessibility: Select a location that is easy for clients to find and access.
    • Ambiance: Create a welcoming and professional atmosphere that makes clients feel comfortable and relaxed.
  • Equipment and Supplies:
    • Essential Tools: Ensure you have all necessary tools and supplies, including dermaplaning blades, scalpels, and skincare products.
    • Sanitation Supplies: Stock up on sanitation supplies like disinfectants, gloves, and sterile storage for tools.

Workspace Layout:

  • Ergonomics: Arrange your workspace to optimize efficiency and comfort, both for you and your clients.
  • Privacy: Ensure treatment areas provide adequate privacy for clients.
  1. Marketing Your Services

Building a Brand

Brand Identity:

  • Logo and Design: Create a professional logo and choose a color scheme and design that reflects your brand’s identity.
  • Brand Message: Develop a clear and consistent message that communicates the benefits of your services and what sets you apart from competitors.

Online Presence:

  • Website: Build a professional website that includes information about your services, pricing, location, and contact details. Ensure it is mobile-friendly and optimized for search engines (SEO).
  • Social Media: Establish a presence on social media platforms like Instagram, Facebook, and LinkedIn. Share before-and-after photos, client testimonials, and educational content about skincare.

Print Materials:

  • Brochures and Flyers: Design and distribute brochures and flyers that highlight your services, special offers, and contact information.
  • Business Cards: Always have business cards on hand to distribute at networking events or to potential clients.

Client Acquisition

  • Promotional Strategies:
    • Introductory Offers: Offer special discounts or packages for new clients to encourage them to try your services.
    • Referral Programs: Create a referral program that rewards existing clients for bringing in new clients.
  • Networking:
    • Professional Associations: Join local and national aesthetician and skincare associations to connect with peers and stay informed about industry trends.
    • Local Businesses: Partner with local businesses, such as spas, gyms, or beauty salons, to cross-promote services.
  • Online Reviews and Testimonials:
    • Encourage Reviews: Ask satisfied clients to leave reviews on Google, Yelp, and other review platforms.
    • Showcase Testimonials: Display positive testimonials on your website and social media to build credibility and attract new clients.
  1. Managing Client Relationships

Client Retention

  • Follow-Up:
    • Aftercare Check-Ins: Follow up with clients after treatments to check on their skin’s progress and address any concerns.
    • Regular Updates: Keep clients informed about new services, promotions, and skincare tips through email newsletters or social media.
  • Loyalty Programs:
    • Rewards: Create a loyalty program that offers discounts or free services to clients who regularly book appointments.
    • Exclusive Offers: Provide special offers or early access to new services for loyal clients.

Client Communication

  • Consultations:
    • Personalized Care: Ensure each client consultation is thorough, personalized, and addresses the client’s specific skincare needs and goals.
    • Education: Educate clients about dermaplaning and skincare, empowering them to make informed decisions about their treatment options.
  • Feedback:
    • Solicit Feedback: Regularly ask clients for feedback on their experience and use it to improve your services.
    • Address Concerns: Promptly address any client concerns or complaints to maintain trust and satisfaction.
  1. Continuing Education and Professional Development

Staying Current

  • Industry Trends:
    • Research: Stay updated on the latest trends, techniques, and products in the skincare and aesthetics industry.
    • Conferences and Workshops: Attend industry conferences, workshops, and trade shows to learn from experts and network with peers.
  • Advanced Training:
    • Specialized Courses: Enroll in advanced courses and certifications to expand your skillset and offer new services to your clients.
    • Online Resources: Utilize online resources, such as webinars, forums, and articles, to continue your education at your own pace.

Professional Networking

  • Join Associations:
    • Membership Benefits: Join professional associations like the National Coalition of Estheticians, Manufacturers/Distributors & Associations (NCEA) to access resources, certifications, and networking opportunities.
    • Local Chapters: Participate in local chapter meetings and events to build relationships with fellow professionals in your area.
  • Mentorship:
    • Find a Mentor: Seek mentorship from experienced practitioners who can provide guidance, advice, and support as you grow your business.
    • Mentor Others: As you gain experience, consider mentoring new aestheticians to give back to the community and strengthen professional networks.
  1. Financial Management

Budgeting and Accounting

  • Financial Planning:
    • Budget Creation: Develop a detailed budget to manage your expenses, including rent, supplies, marketing, and salaries.
    • Cash Flow Management: Monitor your cash flow to ensure your business remains financially healthy.
  • Bookkeeping:
    • Record Keeping: Maintain accurate records of all financial transactions, including income, expenses, and taxes.
    • Software Tools: Use accounting software to streamline your bookkeeping and generate financial reports.

Pricing Strategies

  • Competitive Analysis:
    • Market Rates: Research the pricing of competitors in your area to ensure your prices are competitive.
    • Value Proposition: Price your services based on the value you provide, considering factors like expertise, quality of service, and client experience.
  • Promotional Pricing:
    • Discounts and Packages: Offer discounts for bundled services or create package deals to attract clients and increase revenue.
    • Seasonal Promotions: Run seasonal promotions or limited-time offers to boost client bookings during slower periods.

By focusing on these aspects of business practices and professional development, practitioners can build a successful dermaplaning practice that not only attracts and retains clients but also fosters continuous growth and professional satisfaction.



  • History
  • What is it?
  • Who needs it?
  • Benefits
  • Contraindications
  • Risks
  • Technique


  • Practiced by Dermatologists and Plastic surgeons for over 40 years.
  • Originally performed as an alternative to chemical exfoliation
  • Biomedic was first skincare company to integrate dermaplaning into their micropeel treatment.
  • Patented a stainless steel surgical blade in the shape of a “butter knife”and became known as the butter blade.
  • Word spread quickly about proven results/ more aestheticians incorporating it into their skin care programs
  • Today only licensed estheticians  under a doctors license can perform procedure.
  • Biomedic is now Skinceuticals, and patent has expired on blades.

What is it?

  • Dermaplaning is also known as Epidermal leveling
  • Physical exfoliation utilizing a sterile surgical blade
  • Carefully remove the topmost layers of dead skin cells 
  • Removes fine vellus hairs (Peach Fuzz) that can trap dirt and oil and leave the complexion looking dull
  • Usually can be used alone or in conjunction with chemical peels
  • A blade is held at a 45 degree angle to taut skin and moved in a manner similar to shaving.

Who is a good candidate? Patient selection

  • Uneven skin tone:
    blotchy skin fom sun damage or other assaults on the skin can be evened out over time
  • Acne scarring:
    Improves collagen which in turn lessens the look of acne scarring
  • Fine lines:
    improvement of collagen and texture will help reduce fine lines
  • Good for all skin types:
    any color of skin is a good candidate
  • Extra hair on face that is too light for lasercan be removed temporarily
  • Can be used on pregnant or nursing clients



  • Leaves skin feeling “baby”s Butt” smooth
  • Refines fine lines and pores
  • Helps reduce scarring
  • Removes dead skin cells and the fine vellous facial hair (“peach fuzz”) that can trap excess dirt and oil and leave the complexion looking dull.
  • Helps stimulate collagen regrowth
  • Speeds up skin cell turnover
  • Helps reduce pigmentation
  • Improves over all  function of the skin
    Now that BioMedic’s (now SkinCeuticals) patent has expired and other companies have been manufacturing the #10S blades, we would expect that it would be the only blade used in the marketplace. Unfortunately the blades  being manufactured now tend to dull quickly.  You can stil purchase good blades from Skinceuticals or Societe skin care.



  • Bleeding  due to nicks or cuts
  • Skin sensitivity
    Don’t want this result!

Side Effects

  • Skin sensitivity
  • Redness
  • Breakouts (temporary)


  1. Wash face.
  2. Do a double cleanse.
  3. Use acetone to wipe away oils prior to blading.
  4. Use a #10s or #14s butter blade.
  5. Hold skin taut
  6. Blade in one direction usually towards you.
  7. Hold blade at 45degree angle.
  8. Light touch not too heavy handed.
  9. Don’t dermaplane nose area or over boney areas.
  10. When finished with procedure you can add a light chemical peel.
  11. Finish with cool wipes
  12. Apply moisture and sunblock
  13. Go over instructions for home with client.

After Care

  • Wash with mild cleanser
  • No irritants on face for 5 days
  • No direct sun exposure for 1o days
  • No exfoliation for 10 days
  • Wear sun block daily
  • No strenuous exercise for 24 hours
  • No hot tubs, saunas, tanning booths etc.